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Location Affordability Portal Version 2
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Resource Library

The Location Affordability Index and the My Transportation Cost Calculator build upon a large body of work supported by HUD and DOT as well as by public and private organizations that have been studying housing and transportation costs for more than a decade. This resource library includes documentation of the research and development process behind these tools, as well as related analysis, commentary, and educational materials that provide insights on location efficiency and affordability and discuss potential applications of transportation costs data. If you have any questions or would like to suggest additional materials for inclusion, please contact us at locationaffordability@hud.gov.




49 Results Found

A Century of Family Budgets in the United States
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Reviews historical estimates of household budgets and presents a descriptive budget constructed using expenditure data.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Review , May 2001

Date: May 2001

Resource type: Analysis


A Heavy Load
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Addresses housing and transportation costs for working families in major cities around the country.

Source: Center for Housing Policy, 2006

Date: 2006

Resource type: Analysis


Affordable Housing in Transit-Oriented Development
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Report addressing key issues of housing affordability and transportation with recommendation of practices to enhance collaboration efforts between DOT-FTA and HUD.

Source: U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2009

Date: 2009

Resource type: Analysis


CDFIs and Transit-Oriented Development
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A report articulating the various benefits of transit-oriented development for both households and communities and outlining opportunities for community development finance institutions to support such development.

Source: Center for Transit-Oriented Development for Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Community Development Investment Center, 2010

Date: 2010

Resource type: Analysis


Commuting to Opportunity: The Working Poor and Commuting in the United States
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Source: Robert Puentes and Elizabeth Roberto, The Brookings Institution, 2008

Date: 2008

Resource type: Analysis


Growing More Affordably: Connecting the Dots on Housing, Energy and Transportation Costs
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Examines the interconnections between housing and other issues of concern to philanthropic organizations and the communities in which they work; addresses the connections among housing, energy, and transportation costs.

Source: Smart Growth and Livable Communities Funders’ Network, 2007

Date: 2007

Resource type: Analysis


H + T in DC
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Report on a custom analysis of housing and transportation costs in DC performed by CNT for the DC Office of Planning; features substantive discussion of the methodology used and policy implications of the findings.

Source: Center for Neighborhood Technology, 2011

Date: 2011

Resource type: Analysis


Household Type, Housing Choice, and Commuting Behavior
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Discusses factors that affect choice of neighborhood and home based on HUD and Census data.

Source: Emrath and Siniavskaia, Housing Economics Special Studies, 2009

Date: 2009

Resource type: Analysis


Location Efficiency and Mortgage Default
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Using a sample of over 40,000 mortgages in Chicago, Jacksonville, and

Source: Stephanie Y. Rauterkus, Grant I. Thrall, and Eric Hangen , Costar, 2010

Date: 2010

Resource type: Analysis


Missed Opportunity: Transit and Jobs in Metropolitan America
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Discussion of how transit connects people and jobs within and across metropolitan areas, and how well it aligns with where people work and live.

Source: The Brookings Institute, 2011

Date: 2011

Resource type: Analysis


Preserving Affordability and Access in Livable Communities: Subsidized Housing Opportunities near Transit and the 50+ Population
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Report conducted by AARP in partnership with the National Housing Trust and Reconnecting America that looks at housing and transportation issues from the perspective of the over 50 crowd.

Source: AARP Public Policy Institute, 2009

Date: 2009

Resource type: Analysis


Public Transit’s Impact on Housing Costs: A Review of the Literature
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A brief summary of the research exploring how public transit has been shown to influence housing costs.

Source: Center for Housing Policy, 2011

Date: 2011

Resource type: Analysis


Reducing Foreclosures and Environmental Impacts through Location-Efficient Neighborhood Design
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Study showing that factors such as neighborhood compactness, access to public transit, and rates of vehicle ownership are key to predicting mortgage performance, i.e., foreclosure rates, and should be considered by mortgage underwriters, policymakers, and

Source: Natural Resources Defense Council, 2010

Date: 2010

Resource type: Analysis


The Equality of Opportunity Project
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Is America the “Land of Opportunity”? In two recent studies, we find that: (1) Upward income mobility varies substantially within the U.S. Areas with greater mobility tend to have five characteristics: less segregation, less income inequality, better schools, greater social capital, and more stable families. (2) Contrary to popular perception, economic mobility has not changed significantly over time; however, it is consistently lower in the U.S. than in most developed countries.

Source: Raj Chetty, Nathaniel Hendren, Patrick Kline, Emmanuel Saez, Nicholas Turner,

Date:

Resource type: Analysis


The State of the Nation’s Housing
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Provides a comprehensive overview of the current U.S. housing market including information on housing costs and affordability trends.

Source: Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, 2011

Date: 2011

Resource type: Analysis


The Sticker Shock of Sprawl: Housing/Transportation Tradeoffs in Metro Kansas City
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Address to the Kansas City Housing Matters Forum about the need to join transportation, land use and housing policies for the good of families and communities.

Source: Bruce Katz, Director of the Metropolitan Policy Program, The Brookings Institute, April 2007

Date: April 2007

Resource type: Analysis


Third-Party Review: Auto Cost White Paper
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Review of the research methods and data used in the analysis of auto costs for inclusion in the LAI

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, May 2013

Date: May 2013

Resource type: Analysis

PDF

0.33Mb


Third-Party Review: CNT's Housing and Transportation Affordability Index and Other Currently Existing Metrics
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Review of data and methods used in the Center For Neighborhood Technology's H+T Index and other indices of housing and transportation costs

Source: Econsult, February 2012

Date: February 2012

Resource type: Analysis


Third-Party Review: Location Affordability Index Housing Cost Model
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Review of data and methods used in the housing model used in the LAI

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, May 2013

Date: May 2013

Resource type: Analysis

PDF

0.98Mb


Transportation Costs and the American Dream
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Discussion of the high cost of transportation and its impact on homeownership.

Source: Surface Transportation Policy Project, July 2003

Date: July 2003

Resource type: Analysis


White Paper: Feasibility of Including Parking Costs
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Review of data and research for automobile spending by U.S. households and discussion of their potential inclusion in the LAI

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, March 2013

Date: March 2013

Resource type: Analysis

PDF

0.94Mb


3 Good (and 3 Not-So-Good) Uses for HUD's New Data on Location Affordability
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HUD and the Department of Transportation recently released the Location Affordability Portal, a new website designed to share information on the combined costs of housing and transportation. The site includes a wealth of data on housing and transportation costs in different communities and for different household configurations and two creative applications for accessing the data.

Source: Jeffrey Lubell, Rooflines, November 25, 2013

Date: November 25, 2013

Resource type: Commentary


Counterpoint: the ‘Housing + Transportation Index’ and Fair Housing
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Tegeler piece reiterating concerns that promoting affordable housing in areas with low transportation costs could concentrate low income people in undesirable locations, with CNT response articulating the role of transportation costs as an additional cons

Source: Phil Tegeler and Scott Bernstein, Shelterforce, March 2011

Date: March 2011

Resource type: Commentary


In Climbing Income Ladder, Location Matters
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A study finds the odds of rising to another income level are notably low in certain cities, like Atlanta and Charlotte, and much higher in New York and Boston

Source: David Leonhardt, NY Times, July 22, 2013

Date: July 22, 2013

Resource type: Commentary


Learning the True Costs of Living in a Community
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Relocating can be one of the most exciting and important decisions a family or individual makes.

Source: Secretary Donovan and Secretary Anthony Foxx, HUD, November 13, 2013

Date: November 13, 2013

Resource type: Commentary


Looking to Buy a House? Don't Forget Transportation Costs
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The place you choose to live has a huge impact on your housing costs, but it also has a tremendous impact on your transportation costs as well, Hamm writes.

Source: Trent Hamm, The Christian Science Monitor, March 11, 2013

Date: March 11, 2013

Resource type: Commentary


Transportation Costs Tip the Affordable Housing Equation
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Provides background on the H+T Index, focusing on the implications of the research in the Atlanta region.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Partners in Community and Economic Development, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Partners in Community and Economic Development, volume 19, no. 1, 2009

Date: 2009

Resource type: Commentary


Technical Review Panel Meeting 1 Summary
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Summary of first convening of the Housing and Transportation Initiative Technical Review Panel

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, November 11, 2011

Date: November 11, 2011

Resource type: Development


Technical Review Panel Meeting 2 Summary
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Summary of second convening of the Housing and Transportation Initiative Technical Review Panel

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, March 2012

Date: March 2012

Resource type: Development


Technical Review Panel Meeting 3 Summary
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Summary of third convening of the Housing and Transportation Initiative Technical Review Panel

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, June 2012

Date: June 2012

Resource type: Development


Technical Review Panel Meeting 4 Summary
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Summary of fourth convening of the Housing and Transportation Initiative Technical Review Panel

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, December 2012

Date: December 2012

Resource type: Development


Technical Review Panel Meeting 5 Summary
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Summary of fifth convening of the Housing and Transportation Initiative Technical Review Panel

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, June 2013

Date: June 2013

Resource type: Development

PDF

0.17Mb


Location Affordability: Modeling Code
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This paper summarizes many of the issues encountered in developing the models for the Location Affordability Index (LAI).

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, October 2013

Date: October 2013

Resource type: Documentation

PDF

1.22Mb


Demystifying Subsidized Housing for Transportation Planners
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Powerpoint presentation designed to help transportation planners understand who subsidizes low-income housing and how the process works.

Source: Andree Tremoulet, Vince Chiotti, PSU, Oregon Housing and Community Services, 2010

Date: 2010

Resource type: Educational


DOT and HUD Unveil Location Affordability Portal
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New tool provides renters and homeowners with housing, transportation calculator

Date: November 12, 2013

Resource type: Educational


HUD Launches Development of a National Housing and Transportation Affordability Index
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New tool will provide homebuyers with a more accurate estimate of living costs

Source: George Gonzalez, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, August 30, 2011

Date: August 30, 2011

Resource type: Educational


Measuring Sustainability
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Discussion of various sustainability indicators and indices that addresses some of the inherent issues related to the Index development.

Source: HUD PD&R, Evidence Matters, 2011

Date: 2011

Resource type: Educational


Effects of TOD on Housing, Parking, and Travel
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Report featuring original data on TOD residential trip generation and parking, the behavior and motivation of TOD residents, employees, and employers in their mode choice. Additionally, the report also identifies best practices to promote, maintain, and i

Source: Transit Cooperative Research Program sponsored by the Federal Transit Administration, 2008

Date: 2008

Resource type: Empirical Research


Estimating Transportation Costs by Characteristics of Neighborhood and Household
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Technical description of H+T Index research and methods, with detailed discussion of data and algorithms used. (Note: Distributed to panelists in welcome package.)

Source: Haas, Peter M., Carrie Makarewicz, Albert Benedict, and Scott Bernstein, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2077,

Date:

Resource type: Empirical Research


Metropolitan Transportation Infrastructure Survey
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Survey conducted to evaluate metropolitan surface transportation infrastructure needs and where the Administration and Congress should prioritize transportation investments.

Source: U.S. Conference of Mayors, 2011

Date: 2011

Resource type: Empirical Research


Property Values 42% Better Near Public Transportation
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A new joint study between the NAR and APTA reveal that property values are considerably better when near public transportation with high frequency service.

Source: Tara Steele, AG Beat, March 22, 2013

Date: March 22, 2013

Resource type: Empirical Research


The Impact of Transportation on Affordability: LAI Auto Cost Research Summary
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This paper presents the synthesized research that was conducted during the development of the LAI to capture the most accurate and appropriate cost factors of auto ownership to use in the Index.

Source: Manhattan Strategy Group, November 2013

Date: November 2013

Resource type: Empirical Research

PDF

1.25Mb


Transportation and the Housing Crisis: Are They Related?
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Study investigating the association between transportation (portrayed by a number of highway-related measures) and the housing crisis measured by foreclosure rates for the 47 largest metropolitan areas.

Source: DiJohn, Metaxatos and Sööt, December 2008

Date: December 2008

Resource type: Empirical Research


Travel and the Built Environment
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Review of research dealing with built environment effects on travel behavior.

Source: Robert Cervero and Reid Ewing, Journal of the American Planning Association, May 2010

Date: May 2010

Resource type: Empirical Research


Assessing the Public Health Impacts of Housing and Transportation
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This webinar focused on the health benefits related to location efficient housing and how measures of location efficiency can support public health research and healthier, more livable communities

July 12, 2012 – Cosponsored by the National Center for Healthy Housing

Date:

Resource type: Webinars

Webinar (Windows Media)

47.7Mb


Avoiding the Housing and Transportation Squeeze in Rural and Small Town America
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This webinar focused on transportation and housing cost tools that can help illustrate the impact land use decisions have on household budgets and community economic vitality, and how to identify investment and planning opportunities to improve the livability of rural communities. The presentation illustrates tools and resources to help planners, consumers, and policy-makers make more informed decisions about where to invest scarce resources.

August 14, 2012 – Cosponsored by the Community Transportation Association and National Association of Development Organizations (NADO) Research Foundation

Date:

Resource type: Webinars

Webinar (Windows Media)

93.2Mb


How PHAs can Keep Housing Affordable by Controlling Transportation Costs
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This presentation focused on how PHAs can employ measures of location efficiency to reduce costs faced by public housing residents and housing choice voucher recipients.

June 13, 2012 – Cosponsored by the Public Housing Authority Sustainability Network

Date:

Resource type: Webinars

Webinar (Windows Media)

208Mb


Location-Efficiency as a Green Building Strategy: An Introduction to the Location Affordability Index
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This webinar explored the role of location-efficiency in green building and how combining green building strategies with green site selection can reduce the cost burdens faced by low- and moderate-income families.

July 17, 2012 – Cosponsored by the National Housing Conference and Center for Housing Policy

Date:

Resource type: Webinars

Webinar (Windows Media)

86.4Mb


Put it in the Bank, Not the Tank: Counseling Prospective and At-Risk Homeowners about Controlling Transportation Costs
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This webinar provided information for housing counselors about how to incorporate transportation costs into materials and trainings for homeowners, prospective homebuyers and renters.

March 15, 2012 – Cosponsored by Neighborworks America

Date:

Resource type: Webinars

PDF

2.82Mb

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Telephone: (202) 708-1112     TTY: (202) 708-1455
Find the address of the HUD office near you